To generate electricity, nuclear power plants burn atomic fuel, and this is a hazardous substance. It is necessary to take great care while manipulating with the fuel and adhere to stringent safety regulations. Although the energy production process is technologically well-managed, there is still a considerable risk of radioactive substance leakage inherent in the process.
Technological breakdowns and potential industrial accidents in nuclear power plants pose serious health risks for the employees, local population, and the environment. To minimise such risks, all nuclear power plants in the world build systems that monitor the occurrence of radioactive substances, accompanied by warning and notification systems.